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FutureGen 2.0

FutureGen 2.0 is a first-of-its-kind, near-zero emissions coal-fueled power plant. In cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the FutureGen Industrial Alliance will upgrade a power plant in Meredosia, Ill., with oxy-combustion technology to capture approximately 1.1 million tons of CO2 each year—more than 90 percent of the plant’s carbon emissions. Other emissions will be reduced to near-zero levels. Using safe and proven pipeline technology, the CO2 will be transported and stored underground at a nearby storage site, which will also include a visitors center and research and training facilities. The CO2 will be then compressed, injected and stored into the Mt. Simon sandstone formation at a depth of about 1,500 meters (4,921 feet). This is far deeper than where drinking water, oil, and gas generally exist.

In support of this project, PNNL scientists characterized several potential storage sites before selecting Morgan County, Illinois, as the preferred one (see figure). Characterization of the CO2 injection zone was conducted by PNNL in 2012 and was based on analysis of wellbore data, including cores, geophysical logs, and hydrologic well testing, along with other geophysical and structural data. State-of-the-art seismic reflection imaging technology was an important component to define the geometry of the reservoir. The FutureGen power plant is expected to begin operation in 2017.

Project Location

Map showing the FutureGen Project location in the Illinois structural basin of the Midwestern United States Enlarged View

3d image

Graphical overview of the conceptual design of the FutureGen 2.0 Project CO2 storage site Enlarged View


FutureGen Industrial Alliance

The FutureGen Industrial Alliance was formed to partner with the U.S. Department of Energy on the FutureGen 2.0 project—a first-of-its-kind, near-zero emissions coal-fueled power plant in Illinois. The Alliance, which includes some of the largest coal producers, coal users, and coal equipment suppliers in the world, is researching, developing, and demonstrating near-zero emissions coal technologies to support the commercialization of the FutureGen concept.


Geological Carbon Storage Research at PNNL

Energy and Environment Directorate